Nearing the end of a hot summer, and with it from the shelves of shops and markets disappear all your favorite seasonal fruits and vegetables. Despite the fact that Dagestan has always been famous for its fruit and vegetable products, their deficit in the cold time of the year is quite noticeable.
Prepare sleighs in summer
Of course, in modern conditions on the shelves of shops and markets can be found even in the winter fresh fruit, vegetables and herbs. However, often the taste of imported products, or simply off-season is poor. It turns out that in the off-season the bulk of the population virtually eliminating from your diet fresh vegetables, fruits, and especially berries or buy them in a minimal amount.
If you are an opponent of imported fruits and vegetables, you will have to do in advance of procuring works. Save fruits and vegetables for the winter can be a variety of ways. For example, freeze dried or create natural conditions for storing them.
Interestingly, the experts of the Research Institute of Nutrition found that physiological needs in fruits and vegetables is 250 kilograms per year. In response to these conditions, make up for this rate will be difficult.
What goes around comes around
At the end of last year it was in the country produced more than 1 million 300 thousand. Tons of vegetables. Thus more than 50 percent yield is obtained from the cabbage, 26 percent of production is tomatoes. Also, a high yield of potatoes was traditionally collected – more than 380 tons. Gardeners of the republic is also not sitting idle, and collected more than 120 thousand fruits.
In addition, a lot of popularity in the country acquires and vegetable greenhouses. For example, last year in Dagestan greenhouses has been cultivated over 14 thous. Tons of vegetables.
However, save the resulting crop for consumption in winter is almost impossible to Dagestan. The main reason is the poor infrastructure logistics of the food market of the republic.
The Ministry of Economic Development of RD noted that the production of vegetables in Dagestan more than the annual demand of the population more than 2 times. “But the agricultural producers of the republic because of the lack of modern logistic center for storing fruits, vegetables and potatoes are forced to sell produced fruits and vegetables immediately after harvest to intermediaries, usually unfair. All this leads to a significant loss of production (more than 30% of the crop), price increases and the share of imported products “, – say in the ministry.
In this context, much attention is paid in the country of logistics centers. The market of logistics services in the field of production, processing and marketing of primary products of the republic is not formed and structured, emphasize Agriculture Ministry RD.
The shortage of quality warehousing provokes rise in prices from January to June due to the fact that in this period of seasonal products are imported. Local producers do not have access to high-quality vegetable store, which allows to store the products within 6-9 months, covering the winter-spring period, so that the products are imported from abroad at a higher price. Here it is worth noting that more than 70 percent of all agricultural products produced population, which is experiencing difficulties with sales and storage.
Along with the construction of storage facilities for fruits and vegetables the shortage of fruits and vegetables in the off-season can solve erection of greenhouses. Currently available capacity greenhouses are insufficient to provide the population of vegetable production in winter.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic, to cover the needs of the population of vegetable products in the off-season must be not less than 300 hectares of greenhouses.
“Only 143 hectares of greenhouses operates Today in the republic. To increase the rate of production of greenhouse vegetable production in 2015 was planned to build a greenhouse on an area of over 18 hectares. However, due to changes in the economic situation, exchange rate fluctuations and the imposition of international sanctions on the results of the past year was built only 8 hectares of greenhouses, “- say in the agricultural department.
So, to radically change the situation may start “Yugagroholding” greenhouse complex on the territory of Kumtorkalinsky area. The company plans to commission 5.5 hectares of greenhouses in September this year and immediately carry out planting vegetables. Under the project, the greenhouse complex area should be about 20 hectares.
It is worth noting that the results of the management of holding construction plans get from one square meter of 40-45 kilograms of environmentally friendly products. For comparison, the average yield of winter greenhouses with up to 37 kg per square meter, with spring – 7-8 kg.
Today Dagestan provides itself with fruit and vegetable products in the off-season only 35 percent. Similar data have been formed and in the whole country. However, in the territory of the Republic is currently doing everything possible to revive the horticulture.
As part of the program of import substitution production of its own fruit and vegetable crops is a priority of the state. Here it is worth noting that in this context, last year was declared by the Head of Dagestan Ramazan Abdulatipov Year gardening.
Climatic conditions have solar Dagestan to the development of Horticulture. Especially favorable conditions for the development of the industry in southern Dagestan and some mountain areas where you can get good yields at low cost.
Over the past few years, the farmers of the republic have made great efforts to revive the industry. Thus it was obtained a good harvest of vegetables and fruits. However, all this is not enough to ensure that the population of the republic demanded product all year round.
The number of greenhouses, located in the territory of the republic, does not allow the population to provide products in the winter. In addition, virtually no storage for fruits and vegetables, which makes it impossible to lay on storage in demand not only on the country’s markets, but also the entire country products.
Now we can only hope and expect that the implementation of new investment projects in agriculture will help solve this problem and Dagestan will be able to have local produce all year round.